Saturday, May 23, 2020

Performance Based Pay for Teachers

Performance-based pay for teachers, or merit pay, is a trending educational topic. Teachers pay, in general, is often highly debated. Performance-based pay ties teaching components such as standardized test scores and teacher evaluations to a salary schedule. Performance-based pay originated from a corporate model that bases a teachers salary on job performance. Higher performing teachers receive more compensation, while lower performing teachers receive less. The Denver, Colorado school district may have the most successful performance-based pay program in the nation. The program, called ProComp, is seen as a national model for performance-based pay. ProComp was designed to impact critical issues such as student achievement, teacher retention, and teacher recruitment positively. The program has been credited with boosting those areas, but it does have its critics. Performance-based pay will likely continue to increase in popularity over the next decade. Like any educational reform issue, there are two sides to the argument. Here, we examine the pros and cons of performance-based pay for teachers. Pros Motivates Teachers to Make Improvements in the Classroom Performance-based pay systems offer teachers a reward based on meeting set performance measures typically tied to student performance. These measures are based on educational research and are a set of best practices intended to boost overall student outcomes. Many of the best teachers are already doing a lot of these things in their classrooms. With performance-based pay, they may be asked to take it a little above what they normally do, or it may motivate low performing teachers to get their acts together to receive their bonus. Provides Teachers With the Opportunity to Receive a Higher Salary People typically do not become teachers because of the salary. But, it doesnt mean that they do not want or need more money. Sadly, a relatively large number of teachers across the country are picking up a second job to keep their family afloat financially. Performance-based pay not only provides teachers with an option to make more money but also motivates them to meet targeted objectives while doing so. It is a win, win situation both for the teacher and their students. The teacher makes more money, and in turn, their students get a better education. Invites Competition Thus Raising Student Performance Performance-based pay creates competition among teachers. The better their students perform, the more money theyll receive. Higher outcomes translate to higher pay. Teachers are often competitive by nature. They want their fellow teachers to be successful. But, they also want to be more successful then them. Healthy competition pushes teachers to become better, which in turn boost student learning. Everyone wins when the best teachers work hard to stay at the top, and mediocre teachers work hard to improve enough to be considered one the best. Allows Bad Teachers to Be Removed Easier Many performance-based pay systems include components which enable principals to terminate teachers who continuously fail to meet goals and objectives. Most teacher unions adamantly opposed performance-based pay because of this element. Standard teacher contracts make it difficult to terminate employment, but a performance-based pay contract makes it easier to remove a bad teacher. Teachers who are unable to get the job done are replaced by another teacher who may be able to get things on track. Aids in Teacher Recruitment and Retention Performance-based pay can be an attractive incentive especially for young teachers who have a lot to offer. The opportunity for higher pay is often too compelling to pass up. To passionate teachers, the extra work is worth the higher salary. Also, schools offering performance-based compensation typically have no problems attracting top teaching talent. The pool is usually bottomless, so they can get quality teachers from the beginning. They also keep their good teachers. The best teachers are easy to retain because they are well respected and likely will not receive a higher salary elsewhere. Cons Encourages Teachers to Teach to Standardized Tests A large part of the performance-based pay objectives rests in standardized test scores. Teachers across the nation are already feeling the pressure to abandon creativity and originality and instead to teach to the tests. Attaching an increase in pay only amplifies that situation. Standardized testing is all the rage in public education, and performance-based pay just adds fuel to the fire. Teachers skip once celebrated teachable moments. They neglect valuable life lessons and have essentially become robots all in the name of passing a single test on a single day during the school year. Can Potentially Be Costly to the District School districts across the United States are already strapped for cash. Teachers on a performance-based contract receive a base salary. They receive a â€Å"bonus† for meeting specific objectives and goals. This â€Å"bonus† money can add up quickly. The Denver Public School District in Colorado was able to start ProComp thanks to voters who approved a tax increase that allowed them to fund the incentive program. It would have been impossible to fund the program without the revenue generated from the tax increase. School districts would find it exceedingly difficult to maintain the funds necessary to run a performance-based pay program without additional funding. Dilutes a Teacher’s Overall Value Most teachers offer much more than just the ability to meet learning objectives or goals. Teaching should be about more than just a test score. Ideally, teachers should be rewarded for the size of the impact they make and for making a difference in the lives of their students. Sometimes those qualities go unrecognized and unrewarded. Teachers have a powerful influence on their students, yet theyre relegated to ensuring that their students are going to pass a test. It skews the real value of a teacher when you only base the job they are doing on meeting student performance objectives.   Fails to Consider Factors Beyond a Teacher’s Control There are many factors beyond a teacher’s control that influence student performance just as much or more than any teacher will. Factors such as lack of parental involvement, poverty, and learning disabilities offer real hindrances to learning. They are nearly impossible to overcome. The reality is that teachers who sacrifice to pour into the lives of these students are often seen as bad teachers because their students do not meet the level of proficiency that their peers do. The truth is that many of these teachers are doing a far superior job than their peers who teach at an affluent school. Sometimes they fail to receive the same rewards for their hard work. Can Potentially Harm High-Risk Areas Every school is not the same. Every student is not the same. Why would a teacher want to teach in a school surrounded by poverty and have the cards stacked against them, when they can teach in an affluent school and have immediate success? A performance-based pay system would keep many of the best teachers from pursuing jobs in those high-risk areas because of nearly impossible odds to meet the performance measures needed to make it worth the while.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Frank Lloyd Wright s Life, Career, Influences And Impact...

Frank Lloyd Wright is Americas’ best known and most influential architect and arguably the greatest architect of the 20th century from anywhere in the world. Wright is known and respected throughout the world for his innovative and modern designs. As an architect Wright developed an organic and what became known as a distinctively American style throughout his work. Many believe that Frank Lloyd Wright changed the way we build and and live in the modern world. This essay will examine and evaluate Wrights life, career, influences and impact on the way we see American architecture. Wright was born on the 8th of June 1867 at the time when America was going through lots of industrial and social change. He was born in Wisconsin to Anne Lloyd Jones and William Carey Wright. His mother was a teacher and his father a gifted musician and Preacher. Wrights mother nurtured his appreciation of art and nature from an early age. She introduced him to Froebel’s wooden blocks and he later stated that this was one of the recurring influences in his career and can be seen in the geometry of many of his buildings. Undoubtedly a most major influence in his work is nature and the natural environment - Wright loved the Wisconsin landscape he explored as a boy. Nature is a recurring feature in his buildings and even where he positions his buildings - he later talked of architecture that â€Å"..is a grace to the landscape instead of a disgrace.† In 1885 his parents divorced, he stayed with hisShow MoreRelatedLouis Sullivan and the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building4679 Words   |  19 PagesNouveau Jewel of Chicago† Written by Joss Ryan P10528830 History and Theory ‘ARCH 2031’ 2012 Louis Sullivan and the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building Page 1 Art Nouveau is a very renowned style of art, applied art, and architecture. It is an influential design movement and an international philosophy. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Food and Society Free Essays

The relationship between food and society require special attention. Food come first, no food no life, this is a fact, and nothing can be possible with out food. Society is a group of people related to each other through perseverance relations such as status, roles and social network. We will write a custom essay sample on Food and Society or any similar topic only for you Order Now In pre-industrial societies, food production is carried out through the use of human and animal labour which is the main economic activities. Industrial revolution in 19th century brought the incredible changes.The most important invention was a railway which has put an unbelievable impact on different societies. The railway makes feasible the movement of people and transports the goods from one city to another even from country to country. This makes possible the food that had previously never been seen or heard of became available to most of the people. Most of the societies rely on the food transport and production, then those societies can be divided according to their level of technology and their method of production. The study of food and society is gradually increasing which is recognised to be one that can make a significant contribution to our understanding of the context with in which the production and consumption of commercial food and beverages takes place. The provision of food and beverages forms a part of the activities of the hospitality industry. However the hospitality industry subject area, there is just a small number of texts that cover the field. As an alternative of texts and resources that can contribute relevant theoretical frameworks to support the study of food and society are to be found in a number of fields of study. How to cite Food and Society, Essays

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Brand Management and the Marketing Mix Model

Question: What exactly is your product and how is it different from (or better than) other similar products? Where will you sell your product? Who are the potential buyers of the product and how does that price compare to similar products being offered? How will you let others know about your product, and how will you develop its presentation to appropriate markets? Answer: I choose to sell organic soap as it is 100% natural and not synthetic. The soap shall be sold in retail stores, cosmetic shops, and pharmacies. The potential buyers of the product are men and women belonging to 20-40 age groups present everywhere (Cain, 2014). I shall follow competitive pricing strategy at $9 as there is direct competition from other brands such as Dove, Lux and various others (Heerde et al., 2013). Hoardings and television advertisements shall help in presenting the product. References Cain, P. (2014). Brand management and the marketing mix model.J Market Anal,2(1), 33-42. https://dx.doi.org/10.1057/jma.2014.4 Heerde, H., Gijsenberg, M., Dekimpe, M., Steenkamp, J. (2013). Price and Advertising Effectiveness over the Business Cycle.Journal Of Marketing Research,50(2), 177-193. https://dx.doi.org/10.1509/jmr.10.0414

Tuesday, March 24, 2020

10 Companies Hiring Admins Like Crazy Right Now

10 Companies Hiring Admins Like Crazy Right Now Every company needs an administrative professional to operate the office. If you are looking to find a job in the admin field, you are in the right place. We have found 10 companies that are hiring admins like crazy right now.1. Sutherland Global ServicesEstablished in 1986,   Sutherland Global Services is a global provider of business process and technology management services. It employs over 36,000 professionals and has locations across the United States, Australia, Brazil, and other countries.See all open admin jobs  from  sutherland global services2. Quest QiagnosticsQuest Diagnostics is a leading clinical lab and offers the most extensive clinical testing network in the U.S. It employs over 10000+ professionals country wide.See all open admin jobs  from Quest Diagnostics3. Mount SinaiThe mission of the Mount Sinai Health System is to provide compassionate patient care and advance biomedical research. It employs over 6600 physicians, 12 ambulatory surgery centers, over 4 5 ambulatory practices.See all open admin jobs  from Mount Sinai4. Baylor Scott White healthBaylor Scott White Health is the largest not-for-profit health care system in the state of Texas. The organization includes 56 hospitals, more than 5,800 active physicians, and over 40,000 employees.See all open admin jobs  from Baylor Scott White Health5. SobeysEstablished in 1907, Sobeys is one of only two national grocery retailers in Canada. Sobeys hires over 124,000 employees all over the country.See all open admin jobs  from Sobeys6. VHAVHA home healthcare (VHA) is a not-for-profit chartiable organization, providing health care and support services to people of all ages and cultural backgrounds. it also employs over 2000 staff and service providers.See all open admin jobs  from VHA7. LowesLowes is a home improvement company and has stores across United States, Canada and Mexico. Lowes has more than 1,840 home improvement and hardware stores and hires over 265,000 employees.Se e all open admin jobs  from Lowes8. Express ScriptsExpress Scripts is a prescription benefit plan provider and manages prescriptions for over 100 million Americans. Express Scripts hires over 10,000 employees across the country.See all open admin jobs  from Express Scripts9. Air Force Personnel CenterAFPC executes programs covering the entire life cycle of military and civilian personnel for the air force and ensures commanders around the world have the right number of skilled air forced personnel to conduct the mission.See all open admin jobs  from Air Force Personnel Center10. Hudsons BayFound in 1670, Hudsons Bay is North Americas longest continually operated company. It has more than 460 stores and employs over 66,000 staff around the world.See all open admin jobs  from Hudsons Bay

Friday, March 6, 2020

Essay on Women Penalized for Promoting Women, Study Finds

Essay on Women Penalized for Promoting Women, Study Finds Essay on Women Penalized for Promoting Women, Study Finds Essay on Women Penalized for Promoting Women, Study FindsThe article that has been selected for this assignment is â€Å"Women Penalized for Promoting Women, Study Finds† by Rachel Feintzeig, dated July 21, 2012. The article can be found in The Wall Street Journal. This article is clearly related to the concepts and topics covered in the textbook, generally Diversity. This paper provides a short article report.Summary of the article  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The article â€Å"Women Penalized for Promoting Women, Study Finds† by Rachel Feintzeig discusses one of the most significant issues in the field of Human Resources – the issue of diversity in the workplace. The author provides the results of several studies that were focused on the analysis of diversity issues in the workplace. According to researchers, â€Å"the negative stereotyping is a result of perceived self-interest† (Feintzeig, 2014, para.7). Recent study on diversity shows t hat dedication to diversity can become a liability for employees in the workplace. According to researchers of the University of Colorado, â€Å"women and non-whites executives who push for women and non-whites to be hired and promoted suffer when it comes to their own performance reviews†(Feintzeig, 2014, para.2). It has been found that women who promote other women up to the higher positions are perceived as â€Å"less warm†, and those non-white female employees who promote diversity in the workplace can be regarded by their bosses as â€Å"less competent† employees. Recent research shows that those who promote diversity and women’s rights are not valued by their bosses. Undoubtedly, this issue is an issue of concern for our society. The author of the research David Hekman believes that women are often penalized for promoting other women in the workplace.Relevancy to the course materialThis article is relevant to the course as it demonstrates what is ha ppening in the real world, providing an opportunity to see inconsistency of what is learned in the classroom with real life situations occurring in the workplace. Many organizations violate the established rules and regulations regarding the promotion of diversity in the workplace. It is an issue of concern for our nation because American nation is diverse. According to J. M. Bumsted (2003), â€Å"we think of the United Sates as the nation of peoples, with some describing it as a mosaic, a stew, an orchestra, and even yet as a melting pot† (p.13). It is wrong to penalize women for promoting other women. Actually, government should pay more attention to what is happening in organizations. Specific policies should address the issues of diversity in the workplace in order to prevent stereotyping and prejudices, which lead to the acts of discrimination in the workplace.Researchers’ reaction to the article  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Researchers’ reac tion to the article is adequate. The researchers, who were involved in the study of diversity in the workplace, carried out several experiments that proved the existence of race-related problems in the workplace. Researchers are interested in finding the proper arguments that can prove the necessity to address these issues. According to Hekman, many companies â€Å"might be able to curb this deterrent to diversity by swapping the â€Å"diversity† label with a more neutral term like â€Å"demographic-unselfishness†. Besides, many researchers recommend selecting a white male to manage corporate diversity issues in order to avoid misunderstandings and violations of women’s rights .

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Describe the evidence for environmental changes since the Last Coursework

Describe the evidence for environmental changes since the Last Interglacial (Marine Isotope Stage 5e, approximately 130,000 year - Coursework Example With such information in mind, it is then relevant to discuss such issues in this paper. This being the key points of this paper, the research question is: what is the evidence for environmental change in the tropical since the last interglacial? The tropical region history The tropic is a region on the earth surrounding the equator. The region is commonly found at the northern hemisphere at latitude 23.4378? N on the tropic of cancer and it is also found at the southern hemisphere at latitude 23.4378? S on the tropic of Capricorn. The tropical region is a place where the sub solar point is reached by the sun. A sub solar point is a region where the sun is directly overhead the equator which happens once in a year. There is a direct distinction between the tropics and other climatic and biomatic regions of the earth, with the latitudes that appear in the middle and the Polar Regions on a different side of the equatorial zone Climate distribution of the tropical The tropic has its own climate distribution that may be different to other geographical areas. The tropics sometimes can be used generally to refer to a tropical climate which means that the area has warm to hot and moist all year round, additionally there is the sense of lush vegetation. Most of the tropical regions experience dry and wet seasons where the wet season or rainy season or the green season has an occurrence in that it covers only one to several months that is if the average annual rainfall drops in the region. It is believed that the areas having wet seasons are exposed to dissemination across the tropics and the subtropics. A wet season month is one month that that experiences an average precipitation of about 60 millimetres as per the classification of Koppen in the tropical regions. However the tropical rainforests on a technical bench do not experience wet or dry seasons on grounds that their rainfall is distributed equally throughout the year. It is noted that some areas which experien ce prolonged rainfall are subjected to breaks in rainfall during mid-season that is if the intertropical convergence zone or monsoon trough gain a movement towards the pole ward of their original location during the middle of the warm season. Facts depict that if the warm season or the summer season experience wet season then precipitation will occur mainly in the late afternoons or in the early evening hours. The wet season is a season where there is an improvement in the quality of air; also there is an improvement in water quality while the vegetation grows significantly thus causing late yield of crop in the season. Floods cause a huge effect both on the environment and the habitants of the area. It is depicted that there are overflows in the river banks and the animals move to a higher ground while there is loss of soil nutrients and increase in soil erosion. During these harsh conditions, the animals design a survival strategy for them to survive along the harsh conditions of wet seasons. It is unfortunate that there are identified food shortages in to the wet season that is brought by the previous dry seasons since the crops are yet to mature. It is not obvious that regions found in the tropics have a tropical climate. Such regions include the snow-capped peaks which include the Mauna Kea not forgetting the Mount Kilimanjaro and additionally the Andes. Other regions also include the northern parts of Chile and Argentina. Tropical ecosystem Apart from the tropical climate, the tropical